Voting Statistics

IMPORTANT UPDATE: Voter turnout data and analyses can now be found on the new UF Election Lab website. The Lab's website has a data archive that will provide better data versioning for when I update statistics. You can find the latest 2022 turnout rate data with visualizations here. You can also find these visualization of historical turnout rates and turnout rates by demographic groups.

I am still porting over some information on this site, so please be patient.

I will continune to provide the data below for posterity, but the most recent data may be found on the UF Election Lab website

National Turnout Rates, 1787-2018

The complete time series of national presidential and midterm general election turnout rates from 1787-present.

National and State Turnout Rates

Provided below are national and state turnout rates for the voting-eligible population for the 1980-2014 November general elections (spreadsheet for this entire series). This spreadsheet now includes VAP and VEP estimates for the 2014 general election.

National and state turnout rates for the 2000-present elections are also available on the web pages below, with specific data notes.

Questions about these voter turnout statistics? Please see the FAQ.

Voter Demographics

Selected voter turnout rates by demographic groups from the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey (corrected for vote over-report and non-response bias).

Early Vote

Leading into some elections, near-real time early voting statistics -- mail ballots or in-person -- are collected for states or localities, where available. Legacy pages provided here almost certainly do not reflect realized totals as data collection typically stops on Election Day.