2022 General Election

2022 November General Election Turnout Rates

Last updated: 11/23/2022

Please see the data notes at the bottom of this page.

The preliminary turnout estimates are based on the total vote counted and projections on and yet to be counted. In some states, election officials will accept a substantial and unknown number of mail ballots arriving into their offices after Election Day if they are postmarked on or before Election Day.

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Direct link to spreadsheet.

2022 November General Election


The denominator reflects the Census Bureau's April 1, 2020 decennial census and July 1, 2021 voting-age population estimates extrapolated to Nov. 1, 2022; non-citizen estimates from the 2021 1-Year American Community Survey; the year-end 2020 DOJ prison report; and the year-end 2020 DOJ probation and parole report.

The number of felons who are on probation is estimated to be 69% of the total, which based on the DOJ parole and probation report, and this adjustment is applied to the number of ineligible felons on probation. Starting in 2010, the Bureau of Justice Statistics began reporting citizen prison populations and voting-age populations. I subtract these populations from the prison statistics. For non-reporting states I estimate the non-citizen felon population from similar adjacent states.

A '0' indicates that either a state does not disfranchise a class of felons or the state does not incarcerate felons within their borders (this is true for DC). See The Sentencing Project for more information.

The overseas eligible population estimate is a 2020 November civilian estimates from the Federal Voting Assistance Program -- which estimates 2.9 million overseas citizens in 2020. To this, I add 229,152 active duty military stationed overseas according to the June, 2022 defense manpower report.