Voter Turnout

National Turnout Rates, 1787-2018

The complete time series of national presidential and midterm general election turnout rates from 1787-present.

National and State Turnout Rates

Provided below are national and state turnout rates for the voting-eligible population for the 1980-2014 November general elections (spreadsheet for this entire series). This spreadsheet now includes VAP and VEP estimates for the 2014 general election.

National and state turnout rates for the 2000-present elections are also available on the web pages below, with specific data notes.

Year Election  
2020 General Primary 
2018 General   
2016 General Primary
2012 General Primary
2010 General  
2008 General Primary
2006 General  
2004 General Primary
2002 General  
2000 General Primary

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Voter Demographics

Selected voter turnout rates by demographic groups from the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey (corrected for vote over-report and non-response bias).

Early Vote

Leading into some elections, near-real time early voting statistics -- mail ballots or in-person -- are collected for states or localities, where available. Legacy pages provided here almost certainly do not reflect realized totals as data collection typically stops on Election Day.

Year Election
2020 General 
2016 General 
2014 General
2012 General
2010 General
2008 General