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Voter Turnout Data
Voter Turnout Demographics
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Dr. Michael McDonald
Frequently Asked Questions
Permissions and Citations
Do I have permission to use the voter turnout data and graphics appearing on this website?
How should I cite this website?
Definitions and Background
What are the turnout rate numerators: "Vote for Highest Office" and "Total Ballots Counted"?
What are the turnout rate denominators: voting-age population (VAP) and voting-eligible population (VEP)?
Where can I learn more about these data?
Why didn't someone think of this before?
Components of the Voting-Eligible Population
Overview of how the voting-eligible population (VEP) constructed
How is the voting-age population (VAP) constructed?
How is the non-citizen population estimated?
How is the ineligible felon population estimated?
How is the overseas eligible population estimated?
What is left out of the voting-eligible population?
Comparisons to Other Turnout Rates
Why should I care if turnout rates are calculated as percentage of the VAP or VEP?
Why not calculate turnout rates as a percentage of voter registration?
Why isn't the VEP turnout rate the same as the Census Bureau's CPS turnout rate?
More Turnout Rates
I want pre-1980 state level VEP turnout rates
I want congressional or state legislative district VEP turnout rates
Why doesn't the government compute these statistics?
Michael P. McDonald
University of Florida
Department of Political Science
223 Anderson Hall
P.O. Box 117325
Gainesville, FL 32611